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Engineered & Solid Wood Flooring
Types of Wood Floors
Advances in wood flooring during the past few years mean that you now can have wood flooring anywhere in your home or business. Where you want to put it, however, will determine the type of wood flooring you can use.
There are two types of wood floors available on the market today: Solid and Engineered.
Solid wood flooring is exactly what the name implies: a solid piece of wood from top to bottom. The thickness of solid wood flooring can vary, but generally ranges from ¾” to 5/16”. One of the many benefits of solid wood flooring is that it can be sanded and refinished many times. Solid wood flooring can be installed above or on grade.
Engineered wood floors are real wood floors that are manufactured using three to nine layers of different wood veneers. The sub layers can be of the same species, or of different species. The grain of each layer runs in different directions, which makes it very stable. This means that the wood will expand and contract less than solid wood flooring during fluctuations in humidity and temperature. The top layer of engineered wood flooring consists of high-quality wood. While this type of flooring can be sanded and finished, it cannot be done as many times as solid wood flooring. Engineered wood flooring can be installed above, on or below grade.
Types of Tile
Through Body Porcelain Tile
Through Body Porcelain tiles are extremely hard and impermeable, which makes the tiles highly resistant to moisture, staining and wear. In producing this type of porcelain tile, a color pigment is mixed with the clay body powder, giving the finished tile a consistent color throughout the body of the tile. This type of tile withstands temperature extremes, and may be used in exterior applications, including pool linings.
Glazed Porcelain Tile
Glazed Porcelain Tiles are extremely hard and impermeable, which makes the tiles highly resistant to moisture, staining and wear. In producing this type of porcelain tile, a colored glaze is added to the surface of the tile, enhancing the visual presentation. This type of tile withstands temperature extremes, and may be used in specific exterior applications, including pool linings.
Glazed Ceramic Tile
Glazed Ceramic Tiles have the same glaze on top of the body of the tile that is applied to a porcelain body tile. The body of the tiles can be colored (any color shade from yellow to reddish brown) or else they can be whiteish (sometimes white) depending on the raw materials used. In glazed tiles, the color of the body is relatively unimportant. The main difference between a Ceramic Tile and a Porcelain Tile is the body under the glaze. The Ceramic Tile body is more porous than a Porcelain Tile body. Glazed Ceramic Tiles are an excellent choice for All interior applications.
Mosaic tiles are small tiles, generally 2″ x 2″ or smaller, and always less than six square inches in area. Mosaic tiles may be made from either a porcelain body or a clay body. Mosaic tiles may also be made with other materials, including Glass, Metal and Natural Stone.
Mosaic tiles are most often mounted on paper, mesh or dot-mounted sheets to facilitate easier handling and installation. Mosaic tiles are commonly used to create a design with other types of tile including porcelain, ceramic, or even natural stone.
Quarry tile is an unglazed tile manufactured from natural clays and shale. It has a thick, dense body with a high-resistance to moisture and staining. Like Through Body porcelain tile, quarry tile has a consistent color throughout the body of the tile.
The surface texture of the quarry tile provides a natural slip resistance, and abrasives can be added to further enhance the slip resistance qualities of the tile. For this reason it is commonly used in commercial applications.
Types of Countertops
Kitchens and bathrooms are perhaps the most used parts of the house. It feels good when you see these two rooms perfectly designed and styled. The way to do this is to find the perfect countertop for your kitchen and the perfect vanity for your bathroom.
A kitchen’s countertop can be the most important point of the room in your house. This is where you cook your foods and even used for socializing. In fact, the kitchen countertop is the heart of the house. So it is important that the countertops of your kitchen are useful and long-lasting. There are different types of countertop to choose from, depending on the ambience of the home and the motif of the design of the whole house.
One of the toughest usual equipment that you can use in your kitchen countertop is granite. Granite is becoming a progressively more well-liked choice as a kitchen countertop because of its hardness. Granite is commonly solid for scratches. Granite resists heat. Hot pots can’t ruin your countertops. There are also several colors to choose from like ruby red, jet black and verdant green. This stone has a pattern of stripes speckles or splotches.
Quartzite is also a natural substance made of stone that is well known as a kitchen countertop. This material is very thick and hard. Like granite, heat from pots can’t damage your Quartzite countertop. It doesn’t require high maintenance.
Concrete would create an attractive textile as a kitchen countertop and this make is very affordable. It is a well known material that designers recommend to homeowners. Concrete countertop service providers offer their own exclusive colors. Cement will be different in brands of pigments, stains, and aggregate colors, so concrete countertops will always be unique.
Laminate countertop is also the best choice if you want big selection of colors and patterns. It is the most affordable countertop. Laminate countertop has 250 colors
and can be installed with flawless cove backsplashes that will keep the liquid to spill from the cabinets. And it’s easy to clean. You only need water and soap to clean your laminate countertop.
Solid surface is unusually all-around developing materials which offer a mass of benefits in performance with unbelievable application and design flexibility. There are variety of colors and texture to choose from.
Wood countertops or butcher block tops are perfect in beauty and function. This counter is usually made from hard rock maple or oak that gives pleasant glow to any kitchen. It also adds natural affection to the kitchen space.
Paper Countertops are very appealing and ecological. This is available in multiple colors, sizes and thicknesses and design. These materials are resistant to stain, scratch, heat and are easy to clean.
Stainless steel countertop is the classic type of countertop and by no means goes out of styles. Stainless steel never stains or corrodes. It is very tough, resistant to heat and water-proof.
Glass countertops give a kitchen a modern look. It has a heavy tensile power that tolerates a heavy weight . This countertop is not scratch resistant. It is recommended not to be used as cutting boards. This kind of countertop requires a challenging maintenance; if not dried with towel, this will leave watermarks and finger prints. It is recommended to use glass cleaner to maintain the striking look of the countertop.
Laminate Flooring Types
Since the lamination process simply is the fusing together of two or more types of materials, and sealing them, the world of laminate flooring is full of choices. Wood, stone and tile are some of the most popular uses for lamination. Any type of grain and color of wood or layout of stone or tile can be captured, laminated and split into easily-assembled planks from which you can create a floor. The sky is the limit, sometimes making it difficult for consumers to settle on one choice.
Here’s one way to think about laminates—to divide them into different types and to try and settle on which type of laminate floor will work best for your project.
You can divide laminate into installation categories and you might want to select your laminate this way, ensuring you pick a floor with the kind of installation you prefer:
- Glueless-Click. Over two-thirds of today’s laminates fall under this easy-to-install, glueless click-lock category.
- Laminate Flooring with Underpad Attached – Note: some laminate floors come with a pre-attached underpad, making installation even quicker and easier. Laminate floors without a pre-attached underpad often require that an underpad be laid down prior to installation of the laminate floor to provide a level of cushion and sound absorption. Additionally, if the laminate floor is being installed on or below grade, or in an area subject to moisture, a separate thin plastic underlayment will need to be laid down prior to installation of the laminate floor to provide a moisture barrier (aka vapor barrier). This needs to be done whether the laminate floor has a pre-attached underpad or not.
- Glued Laminate. You’ll need to glue the joints together. While this makes for a very strong floor once installed, installation cost and time is higher than with glueless-click.
- Pre-Glued. Here, the joints have a glue already applied to them, but may need to be moistened to activate the glue before you join them together.
You might want to pick your floor simply based on what the surface will look like. As we’ve said before, laminates are always evolving. Where there once was one basic surface to choose from, now there are many.
- Smooth. A plain finish just like a layer of varnish you’d associate with hardwood. Sometimes you can choose between high, medium and low gloss finishes.
- Embossed and/or Textured. Some laminates come with a textured finish. Regular embossing isn’t an exact match up with the grooves of the printed grain but does fool the eye into seeing a surface grain.
- Distressed/Hand scraped. Hand scraped laminate flooring is now available—a process that up until recently was reserved only for engineered or solid hardwood floors. This process adds an antiqued look to your laminate floor.
- Keep an eye out for new laminate innovations, they’re happening all the time.